The Miniature Angels in the Plant Kingdom

The second edition of this absolutely beautiful book features Moss FM and is an excellent introduction to bryophytes. Plenty of gorgeous pictures, tipps and tricks will make you fall in love with mosses and their relatives. Here are a few impressions. Miniature Angles in the Plant Kingdom, Second Edition, edited by Fairylake Botanical Gardens, Shenzhen […]

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Japanese Gardens

In the Western world, we often consider mosses a type of weed that we try to eliminate from our lawns and scrape off our driveways. In previous posts we mentioned some of the useful applications of mosses throughout history. In an urban context it’s important to note that mosses actually preserve artefacts, they also filter […]

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Moss cabin

Inflight bryophytes

Plants like mosses could have wonderful impact in extreme environments. Aside from their potential to produce cheap and environmentally friendly electricity, they offer other benefits.  Illustrated on the quite extreme setting of aircraft cabins, mosses would improve air quality due to lowered carbon dioxide levels, increase humidity due to “plant sweating”, and – crucially – […]

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Moss uses throughout history

Bryophytes, in particular mosses, have had myriad uses over time. Most of them we are unaware of. Here’s a small album of some unexpected applications and properties. Illustrations by Fabienne Felder, 2013, based on Glime, Bryophyte Ecology (

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BPV illustration

Photo Microbial Fuel Cells and mosses as electricity generators

How do Photo-MFCs work and why are mosses so suited for it? In order to grow, plants photosynthesise – they use solar energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars. The photosynthetic process, in simple terms, consists of two stages. In the first, light-dependent stage, plants split water – oxygen is released and electrons […]

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Moss Table

The moss story begins

In 2011, designers Carlos Peralta and Alex Driver developed the Moss Table in collaboration with biochemist Dr. Paolo Bombelli of the University of Cambridge. The table is a speculative design introducing us to a new technology – Photo Microbial Fuel Cells (Photo-MFCs), which uses plants as biological solar panels to produce electricity. In the futuristic […]

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